Manage Type 2 Diabetes

How Can I Manage Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells in your body become resistant to insulin.  This means that the insulin isn’t able to deliver glucose from your blood to your cells.  Since your cells are left with no glucose to use as energy, they are forced to draw energy from other sources.  This causes problems in the body.  Glucose also builds up in your bloodstream causing further problems.  If you have type 2 diabetes, you may experience symptoms including extreme hunger and thirst, fatigue, and blurry vision.  This article will discuss the possible complications of type 2 diabetes, how it can be managed, and the ideal diet for treating the condition.  Chinese Medicine will also be discussed as a treatment option.  

Type 2 Diabetes Complications:

Complications can arise when type 2 diabetes isn’t managed properly.  These complications can be mild to severe and can end up affecting all the organs in the body.  These complications can include skin problems like infections, as well as eye damage and hearing impairment.  Type 2 diabetes can also lead to digestive problems like constipation, diarrhoea, and vomiting, and nerve problems like neuropathy.  More serious type 2 diabetes complications can include cardiovascular problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, heart attack and stroke.  The risk of heart attacks and strokes in adults is tripled for people who have diabetes.  Men with diabetes are also more likely to experience erectile dysfunction.  

Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and hypoglycaemia (high blood sugar) can also arise as complications of type 2 diabetes.  Hypoglycaemia usually causes symptoms like dizziness or shakiness, while hyperglycaemia symptoms usually include increased thirst and frequent urination.  Having a sugary snack with you for emergency hypoglycaemia situations can help to remedy the situation quickly, while exercising can help to manage hyperglycaemia.  Diabetes may also lead to death, either as a direct cause or as a contributing factor.  Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States of America.

Manage Type 2 Diabetes

How to Manage Type 2 Diabetes:

A key aspect of managing type 2 diabetes is measuring your blood sugar levels.  You can get this tested at the doctor, or you may be recommended to monitor your own blood sugar levels at home.  Another aspect of type 2 diabetes management is letting the people around you know what the symptoms of high or low blood sugar are, and how they can help.  Maintaining a regulated exercise program is also a crucial aspect of type 2 diabetes management, as it helps your cells become more responsive to insulin.

Diet for Type 2 Diabetes:

Diet is an important part of managing type 2 diabetes.  The human body can heal, but to do this it needs the right inputs in the form of food.  Eating a wide variety of nutrient rich foods and having meals at regular times throughout the day are vital to help you manage type 2 diabetes.

Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Processed foods like white bread, cakes, biscuits, soft drinks and processed meats can cause type 2 diabetes to get worse, so they should be avoided.  Foods containing large amounts of saturated and trans fats (like red meat and full fat dairy) are also detrimental.  You can substitute these with healthy fats like avocado, nuts, seeds and olive oil.  Vegetables, legumes like beans, kumara, whole grains like quinoa, and fruits are all very healthy diet choices for managing type 2 diabetes.

How Can Chinese Medicine Help?

Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can also be treated by Chinese Medicine.  Techniques like acupuncture can be very effective for managing type 2 diabetes, especially when combined with a healthy diet and regular exercise.  The benefit of using acupuncture to help treat conditions like diabetes is that the condition is addressed by treating the underlying cause, which encourages your body to heal itself.


Overall, type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can’t use insulin to deliver glucose to cells.  This results in high blood sugar and other symptoms and may lead to potentially serious side effects if it isn’t managed properly.  Monitoring your blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine are important aspects of managing type 2 diabetes.  Chinese Medicine is also an effective way to help treat type 2 diabetes.

If you’d like to know more about how Chinese Medicine can help, please see our website at

For information about diabetes and Chinese Medicine, see our webpage at  

Manage Type 2 Diabetes

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Centre of Balance Hamilton: Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine (n.d.). Archive for category: Diabetes.

Pietrangelo, A. (2021, October 19). Understanding Type 2 Diabetes. Healthline.

Phua, S. (n.d.). What Is Traditional Chinese Medicine? Centre of Balance Hamilton: Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine.