Infertility Causes

How to Prevent Infertility

The struggle to conceive a healthy baby can exact a brutal toll on a couple. It’s an emotional, psychological, and social challenge. Infertility is a burden that no one would like to carry. While some types of infertility are not preventable, some causes of infertility can be prevented.

Here are some steps you can take to improve your chances of getting pregnant:

Watch Your Diet

Food choices can help boost fertility. A well-balanced and nutritious diet can help support overall health and reproductive health in both men and women. You have to carefully watch your diet if you want to conceive.

plant based diet for cancer prevention and treatment

It is advisable to avoid the following foods to help prevent infertility:

  • Trans Fats may negatively affect the flow of nutrients and cause inflammation. Some studies also show that trans fats decrease sperm quality and count. Trans fats are often found in some baked goods, processed products, fried foods, and margarine.
  • Avoid animal products such as deli meat, low-fat dairy, and raw animal products. Replace them with plant-based proteins. One study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology showed that making this switch could decrease the risk of ovulatory infertility by more than 50%.
  • Do not eat high-glycemic-index foods and drinks (e.g. soda) that cause a sudden increase in blood sugar. Instead, eat slow-burning carbs like brown rice and whole grains.
  • Keep off high-mercury foods such as tuna and swordfish.

Exercise and Maintain Health Weight

Weight Loss for Fertility

One way to prevent infertility is by maintaining a healthy weight. Underweight women should eat healthily and sustainably to gain weight. Obese or overweight people should reduce weight because your fat content affects your menstrual function and fertility.

Getting active is highly recommended for your health. It has positive effects on fertility for both men and women. In fact, one study by UK-based researchers suggests that increasing aerobic exercise and reducing weight leads to ovulation improvements. 

Avoid Smoking, Alcohol, and Caffeine

According to a study in the Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences, alcohol has a significantly detrimental effect on both female and male fertility. It is associated with a deterioration of semen quality and decreased likelihood of first childbirth in women. 

male infertility

It is also important to limit your intake of coffee, energy drinks, and other sources of caffeine. The same goes for harmful industrial toxins and smoke from cigarettes. Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death and may affect your ability to have children. Smoking should be avoided completely to prevent infertility. 

Consider Age Factors 

It is a fact that the ability to conceive decreases with age. Sperms become less active and lower quality in men and the health of eggs deteriorates in women. The decision to get pregnant depends on several factors, including your readiness as a couple. But keep in mind that the odds of getting pregnant are highest in the 20s. Fertility in women begins to deteriorate in the 30s. 

While these tips to prevent infertility are useful, it is advisable to get diagnosed and seek professional help with you infertility concerns.

Check out our fertility blog or eBook for more on the causes of infertility and how to improve your chance to conceive. You can also schedule a visit to our clinic for expert personalised guidance.

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  1. Chavarro, J. E., Mínguez-Alarcón, L., Mendiola, J., Cutillas-Tolín, A., López-Espín, J. J., & Torres-Cantero, A. M. (2014). Trans fatty acid intake is inversely related to total sperm count in young healthy men. Human reproduction29(3), 429-440.
  2. Chavarro, J. E., Rich-Edwards, J. W., Rosner, B. A., & Willett, W. C. (2008). Protein intake and ovulatory infertility. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology198(2), 210-e1.
  3. Best, D., Avenell, A., & Bhattacharya, S. (2017). How effective are weight-loss interventions for improving fertility in women and men who are overweight or obese? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence. Human reproduction update23(6), 681-705.
  4. Gude, D. (2012). Alcohol and fertility. Journal of human reproductive sciences5(2), 226.