What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is an eye disorder. It’s caused by deterioration of a small area in the centre of the retina in the back of the eye, known as the macular. You have two different focuses of vision in your eye, central and peripheral. Macular degeneration affects and deteriorates your central vision. Because of this, the condition does not cause total blindness as your peripheral vision is not affected. There are two different kinds of this disorder, dry & wet.
Dry macular degeneration occurs when drusen, a small yellow deposit, develops under the macular. This affects 85%-90% of people with this condition.
The other 10%-15% is wet macular degeneration. This occurs when there are abnormal blood vessels in the eye, usually developing under the retina and macular.
Macular degeneration is a progressive disease which means it slowly gets worse over time. Early on, you may not notice vision problems and may not notice your vision changing when both eyes are affected at the same time.
Symptoms and signs indicating dry macular degeneration include:
- Central vision quality deteriorate
- Distortion of straight lines on your vision
- Needing brighter lighting
- Struggle to adapt to dimmer lighting
- Difficulty recognising faces
- Blurriness in vision
- Retinal damage
Symptoms indicating to wet macular degeneration are:
- Blurry spot/spots in field of vision
- Dark spot in center vision (this is due to blood vessels bleeding or leaking fluid)
- Hazy vision
- Symptoms worsening rapidly
Symptoms relating to wet degeneration progress quicker than dry.
Causes and Risk Factors
It isn’t completely understood why some develop this condition while others don’t. However, the risk factors that make people more susceptible have been recorded. These include,
- Being over 55
- Family history of macular degeneration
- Being overweight
- Cardiovascular disease
- High cholesterol
- Caucasians are more likely to develop this condition than other population
Complications of Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration has complications that can greatly affect patients. One of the major complications that patients have to deal with is being unable to follow activities on their own. As the disease progresses, it gets harder and harder for some people to read or perform other tasks they otherwise could do independently.
Other complications related to the condition are depression and hallucinations.
Depression affects up to 39% of patients that suffer from macular degeneration. Which is usually caused by the saddening inevitability of vision loss that occurs with the disorder.
Due to the decrease in vision simulation your brain can also create hallucinations. This is your brain compensating for the vision loss.
Clear prevention tips of the condition have not been finalised although keeping and maintaining a healthy physical state is almost sure to keep you away from conditions like this.
Managing a healthy lifestyle includes:
- Not smoking
- Eating a healthy diet
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Exercising regularly
At Centre of Balance we have natural ways of diagnosing and treating macular degeneration. If you feel this condition might be a concern for you, contact us today at Centre of Balance. Call 07 8467956 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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