Macular Degeneration is an eye condition that affects your ability to see. Catching conditions like these early helps to provide the best treatment options. This is why it is important to have regular eye check ups, especially if you notice a difference in your vision. If you suspect you may have macular degeneration, a number of tests can be done to conclude a diagnosis.
Diagnostic methods for Macular Degeneration
- Amsler Grid Test – This test is to check your central vision. The test is to look at a grid pattern with a dot in the middle. Signs of macular degeneration are if any of the grid patterns look irregular. This indicates wet macular degeneration. The test can also be used to monitor any progression with the disease.
- Fluorescein Angiography – a coloured dye is injected into your vein through the arm. This dye eventually travels to your eye which allows a doctor to examine the vessels throughout the eye. The doctor may also take a picture of your eye to examine further.
- Indocyanine Green Angiography – this test is similar to fluorescein angiography. A green dye is injected into the arm which travels to the eye. This test is to confirm the results of the fluorescein angiography and to determine which type of macular degeneration you have.
- Optical Coherence Tomography – This method is to take images of the retina from different angles to monitor swelling, thickening or thinning.
Once diagnosed with macular degeneration, either wet or dry, there are a range of treatment options. The treatment for the two types of this condition differ.
Wet Macular Degeneration Treatment
- Low-Vision rehabilitation specialist – Since Macular Degeneration is a condition which causes eyesight loss, many people benefit from treatment with a low-vision rehabilitation specialist. This rehab is to help deal and cope with any loss of sight.
- Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (anti-VEGF) Drugs – this is a kind of drug that a doctor will inject straight into your eye. This is to stop the growth of new blood vessels. It can take up to a few weeks to notice effects from the treatment.
- Photodynamic therapy – a doctor injects medicine into the vein of your arm that is activated in certain lights. A laser is then used along with this medicine to repair veins in your eyes to help with vision.
- Photocoagulation – laser beams are used to destroy the developed abnormal blood vessels. This can help by stopping bleeding into the eye and reduce further damage. Sometimes the lasers can leave blind spots in the eye
Dry Macular Degeneration
- Low-vision rehabilitation specialist – as mentioned in wet macular degeneration treatment styles, working with rehabilitation is recommended to deal with the loss of vision.
- Surgery – eye surgery can be done to replace the natural eye lens with a telescopic lens to assist eyesight
Vitamins have been encouraged as treatment for this condition also. Studies have shown to reduce progress of the disease by up to 30% as well as reduce vision loss by up to 19%. The vitamins and supplements recommended are
- 500 mg Vitamin C
- 400 mg Vitamin E
- 80 mg Zinc
- 15 mg beta carotene
- 2 mg copper
Acupuncture Treatment is also one of the best methods for dealing with macular degeneration. At times this is used as an effective treatment when patients don’t want standard medical treatment. Although it is not a cure it assists greatly in helping your eyes to heal from this condition as well as managing symptoms. Acupuncture is a holistic approach, focusing on the body functioning as a whole system. After performing a basic eye assessment, a specialist places acupuncture needles in various parts of the head and eye area–not in the eyes. These needles are placed in sensitive areas to reduce inflammation around the macula, which is affected by macular degeneration. Patients only feel a small pinch.
To know more about acupuncture and how it can help with macular degeneration contact us at Centre of Balance on 07 846 7956 or email email@example.com.
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