PID Diagnosis and Treatment

PID Diagnosis and Treatment

PID Diagnosis and Treatment

PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) occurs when the female reproductive organs become infected by bacteria.  The female pelvic organs include the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix.  PID is a condition that can cause fertility problems like ectopic pregnancies and infertility and may even be life-threatening if the infection spreads to your blood. This article will explain the diagnosis and treatment for PID, and how Traditional Chinese Medicine can help.

Risk Factors for PID

There are certain factors that may increase your risk of PID.  You may be more likely to develop PID if you:

  • Have had multiple sexual partners.
  • Have had sexual intercourse under the age of 25.
  • Have sexual intercourse without using a condom.
  • Have recently had an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted.
  • Have had sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea.
  • Have had PID before.

Symptoms of PID

Symptoms of PID may not manifest until later on, and thus one may not realise that they have it. This means there is a need for awareness for those who are sexually active. Pain in the lower abdomen is the most common symptom of PID.

Other symptoms of include:

  • Fever
  • Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain when urinating
  • Irregular bleeding
  • General tiredness

Some women with PID experience more severe symptoms including sharp abdominal pain, vomiting, fainting, and high fever.

How Can I Find Out If I Have PID?

If you’re concerned that you may have PID, make an appointment to see your doctor as soon as possible.  It’s better to find out if you have PID sooner rather than later, so that there’s less time for the bacteria to spread.  At your appointment, your doctor will discuss your symptoms with you, and may be able to give you a diagnosis based on your answers.  Your doctor will typically perform certain tests to confirm the diagnosis as well.  Tests may include:

  • A pelvic exam, to check the condition of your pelvic organs.
  • Urine tests, to check your urine for diseases, cancer, or blood.
  • A cervical culture, to check for infections in your cervix.

Based on the results of these tests, your doctor will be able to tell you if you have PID.  If you do have PID, your doctor may recommend further testing to check how much damage has been done.  Further testing may include:

  • Pelvic Ultrasound.  This creates an image of your pelvic organs using sound waves.
  • Laparoscopy.  Your doctor will take a picture of your pelvic organs using a small flexible instrument inserted through a cut in your abdomen.
  • Endometrial Biopsy.  Your doctor removes a small section of the lining of your uterus for testing.  (Endometrial biopsies and laparoscopies are surgical procedures that do not require you to stay overnight in hospital).

How Can I Treat PID?

The most common treatment for PID is antibiotics.  This is because PID is caused by bacteria, that can enter your body through sexual contact.  It’s important to finish your prescription of antibiotics, even if you start to feel better earlier.  If you stop taking your antibiotics too early, your infection may come back again. 

If you have a partner, they must also be treated for PID even if they don’t have symptoms. This is because they may be a silent carrier of the bacteria that cause PID. Both men and women can carry PID without showing symptoms, and pass it on through intercourse.  Your doctor may also ask you to abstain from sexual intercourse while you are receiving treatment, to prevent another infection from occurring.

In some cases, your doctor may suggest hospital treatment for PID.  This may be necessary if you are pregnant, sick, or if you have an abscess (pocket of pus) in your pelvis that may rupture.  You may require surgery if you have an abscess that has ruptured, or if your doctor suspects that it may rupture.  Surgery may also be required for infections that don’t respond well to antibiotics.

PID Diagnosis and Treatment

Traditional Chinese Medicine for PID

If you have PID, why not visit Centre of Balance? At our clinics in Hamilton and Auckland, our qualified Chinese Medicine practitioners can help you fight the infection and regain your health naturally.  Our practitioners use Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment techniques like acupuncture to help boost your body’s immune system and improve the flow of energy and blood through your body.  These techniques nourish your body’s health, giving your body a better chance to fight infection and disease.  Chinese Medicine can sometimes be used alongside mainstream treatments like antibiotics, to give you the results you need. Click here to find out more about how Chinese Medicine can help with fertility issues like PID.


PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. It doesn’t always cause symptoms right away but when it does the most coon one is pain in the lower abdomen.  It can be diagnosed through tests like pelvic exams, urine tests, and cervical cultures, and is usually treated with antibiotics.  However, Chinese Medicine can also be an effective treatment for PID. 

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