The most obvious symptom of infertility is not getting pregnant. You may not have or even notice any other symptoms. The signs and symptoms of infertility are often related to other underlying conditions. Below is a list of symptoms of infertility in both men and women.
Symptoms of Infertility in Women
- Irregular Periods: If your menstrual cycles vary so greatly that you can’t estimate your next period then you’re probably having irregular periods. This is normally associated with hormonal imbalance or polycystic ovary syndrome both of which contribute to infertility.
- Abnormal Periods: Your bleeding may become abnormally heavy or lighter than usual. Also, cramps may become very painful. This is associated with endometriosis. You may also experience a lot of back pain or pelvic pain.
- No Periods: It is normal for women to miss periods here and there. So many factors such as exercise, change in diet may cause your period to disappear once in a while. But if your period disappears for a long time you may need to consider having your fertility checked.
- Hormonal Problem: Sometimes female infertility is associated with hormonal fluctuations. Signs of hormonal fluctuations in women include weight gain, loss of hair or hair thinning, change in sex drive and desire, skin issues, and facial hair growth.
- Experiencing pain during sex: Some women experience pain during sex all their life such that it seems normal. It may be caused by other issues such as endometriosis, hormonal imbalance or other contributing factors that may be adding to the risk of infertility.
Symptoms of Infertility in Men
- Testicle Pain or Swelling: Several factors contribute to testicle swelling or pain. Many of these factors could contribute to infertility.
- Changes in Sexual Desire: Hormonal health is linked to a man’s fertility. Changes in sexual desire, something that is controlled by hormones may be a sign to get your fertility checked.
- Problems with Erections and Ejaculations: Ability to maintain an erection is linked to hormones. If a man is unable to maintain an erection it means he has reduced hormones. Problems with hormones often translate to trouble conceiving. Also, if you’re having difficulties in ejaculating you may want to get your fertility checked.
- Small, Firm Testicles: Sperms are stored in the testes. Small and firm testicles are an indication that you need to go for a check-up by your doctor.
All hope is not lost however because infertility can be treated. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely used for thousands of years in the management of male and female infertility. Results of one systematic review showed that Chinese herbal medicine can increase pregnancy rates 2-fold in 4 months compared to Western fertility drugs.
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Ried, K., & Stuart, K. (2011). Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in the management of female infertility: A systematic review. Complementary therapies in medicine, 19(6), 319-331.
L.Campbell(2016) 5 Common Signs of Infertility in Men and Women. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/signs-of-infertility
N.Todd, WebMD Medical Reference (2019) Understanding Infertility- Symptoms. Retrieved from
A. Adeleye(2020) Identifying Sings of Infertility: Symptoms, Causes and First Steps. Retrieved from https://www.uchicagomedicine.org/forefront/womens-health-sarticles/signs-of-infertility-symptoms-causes-first-steps