Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

When cells in your body become resistant to insulin, you may develop type 2 diabetes. In a healthy person, insulin transports glucose from the blood into your body’s cells.  But if you have type 2 diabetes, your cells don’t allow insulin to deliver glucose anymore. In other words, your cells become resistant to insulin. This results in a build up of glucose in the blood. It also means your cells need to find another source of energy.  This article will discuss the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of type 2 diabetes, and how Chinese Medicine can help.

Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes:

If you have any symptoms of diabetes, you should see a doctor.  Some common diabetes symptoms include extreme fatigue, extreme hunger and thirst, and frequent or urgent urination. 

A type 2 diabetes diagnosis will typically include a range of blood tests.  The haemoglobin A1C test measures your average blood glucose levels over the past few months, while a fasting plasma glucose test measures the levels of glucose in your plasma after fasting for eight hours.  Another blood test analyses how your body deals with glucose, by taking a test before, one hour after and two hours after drinking a set amount of glucose.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment:

Type 2 diabetes can usually be managed through lifestyle changes.  In fact, you can even reverse the condition in some cases.  Moving to a healthier diet, by consuming more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains can be very effective for type 2 diabetes treatment.  Similarly, eating small meals at regular intervals throughout the day can help you maintain steady blood sugar levels.  Another important aspect of type 2 diabetes treatment is regular exercise, so try to get at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day.  While being overweight or obese and living a sedentary lifestyle can make type 2 diabetes worse, physical activity can help improve the condition a lot.  This is because exercise helps your cells respond better to insulin.

In some cases, medications may be an option for type 2 diabetes.  However, medications often come with the risk of side effects.  A recent example is the medication metformin extended release, which was recalled from the market because it contained a probable cancer-causing agent.  Insulin is another diabetes medication which is necessary for type 1 diabetes treatment, but is not always required to treat type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes:

Certain lifestyle tips can help to prevent type 2 diabetes from occurring.  Keeping your body weight in a healthy range, and maintaining a steady exercise routine each week (combining strength and aerobics), are two effective ways of minimising your risk.  Another way to help prevent type 2 diabetes is to consume many nutritious foods, including whole grains and healthy fats like nuts, flaxseeds, avocado and olive oil.  Be sure to include many fruits and vegetables too!

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

How Can Chinese Medicine Help?

Traditional Chinese Medicine focuses on treating diseases like type 2 diabetes from the root of the problem.  Acupuncture, a technique where thin needles are applied to specific pressure points in the body, can help to strengthen and realign imbalances in the body.  This is done through manipulation of the network of energy meridians in the body.  Various acupuncture techniques can be used to help treat diabetes depending on your symptoms and overall health.  Acupuncture has been shown to be very effective at reducing blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes patients.  Chinese Medicine is a holistic and natural approach to healing, and rarely presents the risk of side effects.


Overall, type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells in your body become resistant to insulin.  This causes a lack of energy for the cells and simultaneously causes glucose to build up in the blood.  Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed by blood tests.  Type 2 diabetes treatment is largely based on healthy lifestyle changes like exercise and healthy eating habits, which also help to prevent the condition occurring in the first place.  Medications may also be used in some cases; however, caution is required due to potential side effects.  Chinese Medicine presents an effective and natural way of treating conditions like type 2 diabetes through techniques like acupuncture.

If you’d like to know more about how Chinese Medicine can help, please see our website at

For information about diabetes and Chinese Medicine, see our webpage at  

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

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Centre of Balance Hamilton: Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine (n.d.). Archive for category: Diabetes.

Pietrangelo, A. (2021, October 19). Understanding Type 2 Diabetes. Healthline.

Phua, S. (n.d.). What Is Traditional Chinese Medicine? Centre of Balance Hamilton: Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine.